The Friday Entrepreneur series continues.
Today, read about Charlotte Genevier, a Friday Entrepreneur who’s co-founded multiple companies (including her current one, SocialEngine). Below, learn how:
- She sold her first company for $90,000 in 2007
- She launched her second company with a monthly advertising budget of $600
- The five biggest mistakes she made (including delegating)
- The advice I gave her, which helped to increase traffic by 300% and increase sales by over 50%
How did you get started founding a tech company?
First, I met Alex, who became my co-founder. Alex had an eye for design and a strong business sense as he’d already worked on several projects of his own, while I had a love of (and talent for) math and programming. Though I do help out with many of the business decisions, Alex handles all the marketing, customer and employee management. Similarly, while Alex does much of the front-end design for our products, I plan and program the the products’ back-end.
Looking back, how were you able to get started with no money?
As high school students, we were lucky to have virtually zero living expenses and time constraints. Because of the non-capital-intensity of this field, all we needed to get started was a few dollars a month for web hosting and our own time, which we gladly spent programming instead of playing video games. We officially established our company, Webligo Developments in March 2003. Every time we released a new product, we learned a little more about software development, customer relations, and the fundamental aspects of business.
So tell us about BlogHoster, your second company.
Though BlogHoster earned us about $175,000 during its first two years, we eventually sold it in the summer of 2007 for $90,000 to UK-based Splashpress Media.
The backstory: We spent the greater part of 2004 planning and developing BlogHoster (a blog hosting service) in the typical garage-office fashion. We launched in December and saw immediate sales with only a bare-bones marketing budget. Over the next year, we added a slew of new features as well as a customer mod-sharing community that became surprisingly active. Slowly but surely, we started spending more time on BlogHoster and less time on our college coursework. We grabbed 300 square feet of office space in Pasadena and hired an intern from our high school to help keep everything together. Soon, we realized that BlogHoster had a lot of potential that would likely not be fully realized within our limited resources.
And now you’re working on SocialEngine.
SocialEngine is a white-label social network platform. Before Facebook, MySpace, and the like, personal blogs were all the rage on the web. In fact, they were arguably one of the first major iterations of social networks; websites like Livejournal and Xanga offered basic social networking features. We made BlogHoster to ride the wave of decentralization that always happens when a particular type of web service becomes popular. We created SocialEngine for the same reason. It is said that during the gold rush, the people who truly profited were the ones selling the tools. When modern social networking became in vogue, everyone wanted to be the next Facebook (it even made your
list of “8 Stupid Frat-Boy Business Ideas“). Truth be told, most of our customers are not trying to be the next big thing. Instead, they are using SocialEngine to unite people around a common characteristic or niche theme.
What’s different about SocialEngine?
One of SocialEngine’s most attractive features is that, like BlogHoster, it can be seamlessly branded and customized to match any website.
Here are a few examples of SocialEngine-powered sites:
How did you initially get users to try SocialEngine?
With an effort to be a bit less shy than we were with BlogHoster, we finally put together a decent advertising budget of about $600/month. We bought some ad inventory on Google, Yahoo, and Hotscripts.com, which brought in some immediate traffic. These types of ads give us an excellent ROI because our customers almost exclusively use search engines to find software like ours, and because the average SocialEngine sale was about $350 and paid for more than half of the month’s advertising budget. In my opinion, Adsense and other ad networks don’t make sense for many products, but they work magically for ours due to its price, the engagement channel that customers use (search engines), and the fact that all of our leads are already “warm.” We also wrote a press release and published it via PRweb.com. Despite being a tad sensationalist, it drew in quite a bit of attention.
What about pricing?
As kids, we always undercharged for our work. It went hand-in-hand with the awkwardness and insecurity of being teenagers. We also had virtually no costs (with no living expenses or office space, just pizza and Diet Coke), so it already felt like we were hitting the jackpot every month. As we transitioned from hobbyists to businesspeople, this obviously changed. For our first big project (the IMS Pro), we eventually took a deep breath and doubled the price.
While our profits increased only marginally, our customer support needs decreased substantially giving us time to begin planning our next project. That’s when we discovered that pricing can be an excellent resource-balancing tool, assuming you can find the equilibrium you’re looking for. Since then, we’ve often used pricing to adjust the flow of our projects. We generally begin with a low price to facilitate market penetration and to build a customer base of grateful, feedback-giving customers. Over the project’s arc we incrementally raise the price to match the added value of new features or to open up time for brainstorming.
Have you thought about raising outside money (angels, venture capitalists…)?
We’ve definitely thought about taking venture funding a number of times along the way. In fact, we’ve received several offers, including a recent one for SocialEngine. Sometimes it’s tough to say “no” since it seems like web startups are only judged based on their ability to attract funding, rather than their ability to turn a profit. We were only 14 and 16 when the Web 1.0 bubble burst, so the basic (yet then-ignored) concept that a company should actually have a business
model left a lasting impression on us. VC funding isn’t free money, and unless we have a need for a large amount of capital for a new project, we will continue funding ourselves organically. The scope of our projects have been relatively small to date, so perhaps VC funding will become a reality in the future as we need to hire more people, overlap projects and accelerate our growth.
What are the three biggest mistakes you made with your first companies?
Here are some of the more memorable ones:
1. Before SocialEngine, we offered our customers free upgrades and unlimited support for life. Yes, that’s as silly as it sounds. It reflects the disbelief we still had that people wanted to buy our software. This ultimately led to us being held at the whim of a few grumpy customers for quite some time. Needless to say, we now charge for installation, extended support, and new features since they are, in fact, substantial investments of our time and valuable to our
2. Another one of our big mistakes was poor money management. We let our profits pile up into a savings account that earned 1% interest, not even beating inflation. Although we can say that we were naive kids that didn’t even know what a mutual fund was, that’s only half the story. A much larger portion of that money could have been reinvested in the company, allowing us to grow much faster than we did. I think the main reason we left it in the bank account was the fear that our lucky streak would end at some point. When we finally realized that luck wasn’t the reason our projects were selling, we started to use the money more actively.
3. We used to be very shy about marketing. All our pre-SocialEngine projects had tiny marketing budgets (due to our fear of spending money) that bought ads on only one or two websites. With BlogHoster, our primary source of traffic was a single script-directory website on which we had a sponsored listing. We later discovered that our sales trends correlated directly with the traffic levels on that site. By putting all our eggs in one basket, we were left at the mercy of that company’s ability to attract traffic to it’s site. With such high profit margins and virtually non-existent operating costs, we should have been more bold and varied in our marketing instead of sticking with what we believed to be our “tried-and-true” methods. The lesson here is to avoid being timid when you have the resources to be bold!
I love hearing about these mistakes because they’re so instructive. How about more recently? What about the biggest mistake you’ve made with SocialEngine?
The biggest mistake we’ve made with SocialEngine is the length of time it took us to begin properly delegating. Because the company was just the two of us for so long, Alex and I had the mentality that we didn’t need help, even when we were swimming in support emails. We didn’t think another person could perform the tasks as well as we could, but we couldn’t continue adding new features to the product, manage marketing, answer pre-sale emails, and handle support all by ourselves. When we finally found a third member to add to our small team, it was like a weight was lifted from our shoulders. We were suddenly able to handle more work and get more things done with much less stress.
We actually talked in October and I gave you some feedback on the site. Can you tell us what we spoke about, what recommendations I made, and what you’ve done?
Initially, SocialEngine earned between $15,000 – $20,000 per month from license sales. After the 2.0 release in December (which included a variety of new features) and the implementation of your suggestions, we’ve brought our revenue up to between $25,000 – $30,000 per month. Of your suggestions, we tried the following:
1. Offer a taste. We decided to create a 15-day trial version of SocialEngine to give people time to experience the product on their own servers. This has been an excellent way to prove SocialEngine’s quality and build trust. To track conversions, we offer a $10 coupon with each trial download. Our records show that conversions from the trial version generally take less than one day, which supports the theory that people just want to make sure our product has substance before buying!
2. Test your front page and make it easier to purchase. After the launch, we occasionally received emails from people who couldn’t seem to figure out how to place an order. This was more than a little disconcerting! We redesigned our site layout to include at least three “purchase” links on every page of the website, with four on the homepage. Our Google Analytics (and the lack of confused emails) show that these have been very useful.
3. Do some search engine optimization. Realizing that search engines are now our primary source of traffic, we’ve optimized our pages with the hope of receiving as much organic traffic as possible. Before the optimization in early October, we averaged about 220 unique visitors daily; now we are averaging about 750 and still growing.
4. Add testimonials to your website. We frequently receive glowing emails from customers about SocialEngine. You suggested that we publicly quote these on our website, and we have (as you can see on our homepage). Having these quotes from customers seems to really have improved pre-sale trust. We may be opening up a customer showcase in the near future to display some great implementations of SocialEngine.
Lots of iwillteachyoutoberich readers would love to start something small and make a little revenue off it. What would you suggest to them?
First, don’t put money into a new project if you have no idea how it will make money. Although there are a few rare exceptions, this basically never works. Once you have a business model, stay focused! Don’t be tempted by alternative ways to make a little money here and there, as they will usually derail your efforts and waste your time. Our business model is based on selling our own products, not consulting on an individual basis. In the past, we took on a few consulting projects as an attempt to mitigate the risk of releasing a new product. To our dismay, these projects were extremely time consuming, stressful, less profitable, and actually slowed down our main progress.
Second, don’t be afraid to take calculated risks. At the beginning of myjunior year at Harvey Mudd College, I struggled with dividing my time between work and school. When I finally made the decision to take time off, nearly everyone I talked to was overwhelmingly negative. The arguments they made for staying in school were valid, however I truly felt that if I didn’t take the risk of devoting myself completely to my company, I’d always regret it. Not having the “safety net” of a college degree is scary, but I know I would be much less fulfilled had I played it safe.
Is there anything else we should know?
Thanks for reading about our work! As a special thank you to IWillTeachYouToBeRich readers, we are offering a $50 discount on the purchase of a SocialEngine license (valid for the next twenty days). Simply enter the coupon code “ToBeRich” when ordering your license from our website: http://www.socialengine.net